I’ve worn makeup for as long as I can remember. When I was very young, it was a yearly tradition for dance recitals. As I got older, it was an everyday occurrence that I hardly thought about. Whether it was to give a little definition to my absolutely blank facial features (oh hey, pale redhead here!) or show off how *~cool~* I was as an angsty teen, makeup was there.

Sure, the eyeliner was heavier some years, or the lipstick darker, or the mascara clumpier… but it was there.

Suffice to say, I like makeup.

As I’ve gotten older I my feelings toward it has moved away from a sense of necessity to a comfortable morning polishing ritual. All this to say is I don’t see myself going 100% without makeup anytime soon. My zero waste makeup choices focuses on zero waste and no animal testing so that’s what I choose to focus my energy on when choosing products.

It is what it is and as one of my zero waste exception items, I’ve had to spend time thinking about makeup and how to create a workable, near zero waste makeup routine. Because the beauty industry is messed up in many ways, but the amount of waste it produces – and the industry’s inevitable environmental impact – is a big one.

The beauty industry’s environmental impact

You’ve probably heard something recently about the eco-conscious person’s newest worry: microbeads and more broadly, microplastics.

Turns out, there’s plenty to worry about regarding the effect of cosmetics on the environment. (No surprise when you study the incomprehensible ingredient list.)

According to a study released in the early part of 2017, “many of these [cosmetic] products are biologically active and are characterized by persistence and bioaccumulation potential, posing a threat to ecosystem and human health” (source). The study specifically names UV filters, some preservatives (like parabens), and microplastics as concerning elements which they say “can accumulate in sewage sludge during wastewater treatment and then enter the environment because of the common practice of using sludge as a fertilizer on crops”. Because sewage treatment plants are not always effective at removing certain types of chemicals found in beauty products, they slip back into our environment in a major way.

One earlier study even raised the question of whether the presence of certain chemicals – specifically phthalates – could cause reproductive or developmental issues in those who used the products (source). The good news is there’s no definitive study showing a connection, but I’d rather err on the side of caution until thorough research has been completed.

When it comes to a great deal of the beauty aisle, the bright colors and too-perfect formulas should probably raise at least a few red flags. And we haven’t even gotten to the packaging yet…

The down-low on cosmetics packaging

Walk through any store with cosmetics and you’ll be struck by the amount of packaging attached to a seemingly endless amount of items lining the walls.

Euromonitor reports that in 2008 the cosmetics industry created 120.8 billion units of packaging. (I didn’t find more recent statistics, but who’d care to wager that number went up?) Worse still, a lot of cosmetic packaging comes in plastics which are either non-recyclable or are at the very least iffy for the average consumer to guess about.

And, as one article succinctly states: “Though all technically recyclable, ‘difficult-to-recycle’ waste streams are not typically profitable to recycle in our current infrastructure. Cosmetics are often packaged in containers that are hard to clean, and the packaging is often comprised of mixed materials” (source).

Many locations – especially with smaller or less developed recycling programs – do not have the capability to recycle these essentially valueless items, meaning things like pumps, lids, and products tubes are very likely to end up in the landfill.

There are alternatives like TerraCycle, which sells boxes which you fill with traditionally unrecyclable items and send the box to be recycled. A great idea in theory, but the prohibitive costs of their boxes make the program inaccessible to many. (Plus, why is it my job as a consumer to do the dirty work companies should already be doing themselves?!)

I try to avoid the problem altogether by not purchasing containers which can’t be repurposed in some way; thanks to that, my makeup routine is fairly low waste.

Zero Waste Makeup Routine

Creating a DIY zero waste beauty routine

NB: almost all of these recipes require different specialty products that are very difficult to source unpackaged so undertake DIY projects at your own risk!

Lip balm: lip balm is a very simple thing that’s easy to make (and source unpackaged ingredients). Find a nice metal tin and simply make a new batch whenever you need. Going Zero Waste has nice vegan and non-vegan recipes.

Liquid foundation: this is an oft-cited recipe by Wellness Mama that offers several ways of making liquid foundation. It requires nine ingredients, most of which you won’t have on hand unless you’re a big DIYer.

Mascara/eyeliner: full disclosure I don’t believe there’s actually a DIY mascara/eyeliner that would stay put throughout a strenuous workday, though that could be my greasy eyelids talking. This one looks promising although it requires ingredients above and beyond the norm.

Moisturizer: DIY facial moisturizer recipes abound, so I’d suggest doing some research on what’ll work for your specific skin type before springing for a lot of ingredients. That being said, a recipe similar to this worked very well for my dry skin (face and otherwise) during the cold winter months without being overly heavy.

Brands to consider

With such a wide array of cosmetics products available, it can be overwhelming to try and narrow down your options. In this section I’ve highlighted some brands that align themselves with zero waste makeup and being eco-conscious to a large degree, even if I wouldn’t deem any of them the perfect company.

V = vegan / CF = cruelty free / O = certified organic / PFP = plastic-free packaging
$ = drugstore prices / $$ = mid-range / $$$ = splurge

Before you shop: is shopping online or locally the more eco-friendly option?

Brands with Take-Back Programs

While they might not be zero waste oriented, there are some brands that offer take-back programs for packaging that would be otherwise thrown away. Better yet, most of these companies are much more accessible than the others listed below. Lush ($$), Kiehl’s ($$$), Origins ($$), and MAC ($$$) are a few.

Elate ($$ – CF / V / PFP)

Overview: Elate Clean Cosmetics dubs itself as a sustainable company boasting vegan, cruelty free, gluten free, and toxin free cosmetics made in Canada. Their cases and containers are made of sustainable bamboo, although some do contain plastic parts which are so small I doubt they could be recycled and as far as I can tell, they don’t have a take-back program.

Packaging: “We use water soluble packing peanuts made from corn to pack your order. Any plastic you may find for added protection is always re-used by our company and never purchased. If you are taking a plastic free challenge or have a plastic free lifestyle please let us know in the notes section at checkout and we will do our best to accommodate you.” While that’s nice, it would be nicer if they just didn’t include the plastic. Don’t put that job on the consumer, companies.

Fat and the Moon ($-$$ – PFP)

Overview: Fat and the Moon is a small business that sells natural “potions” for the body including creams, deodorants, and cosmetics. The company touts its organic ingredients but is not certified organic; likely because of the cost rather than anything shady in their ingredients. Several sites claim they are vegan although the company does not explicitly state that on their site.

Packaging: on their site, Fat and the Moon state their priority “is to use reusable, recyclable containers, and to minimize superfluous packaging”. Products are in metal tins or glass and shipped with minimal packaging.

Kjaer Weis (CF / O / PFP)

Overview: Kjaer Weis sells luxury, sustainable cosmetics. If I had a coherent aesthetic, this would be it. Their compacts and other cosmetics containers are high-quality metal which are meant to last; the company offers refills for its products that drastically reduces the amount of packaging you create with their products.

Packaging: they don’t comment on their packaging or how they send their items safely, but it is possible to buy the items in-store to avoid shipping packaging.

RMS Beauty (O / CF / PFP)

Overview: RMS Beauty products are formulated with raw, food grade and organic ingredients in their natural state. If you’re into all-natural, RMS is where it’s at. They offer foundation, lip, and blush products in metal and glass, but be careful; they’ve recently included plastic containers for some of their new products.

Packaging: RMS Beauty states “Packaging for RMS Beauty products is minimal, and all of it is biodegradable, recyclable or reusable.” The website doesn’t state what they use for shipping, but there is a space for comments on the order.

Alima Pure (CF / PFP)

Overview: not only are the ingredients natural and not tested on animals, Alima Pure has some major dedication to the Earth. They’re a carbon neutral company (unlike any other on this list), they donate 1% of their gross sales to grassroots organizations, and all their ingredients are listed and explained in an easy-to-understand way.

Packaging: they offer refillable compacts with magnetic pans for an easy switch-out once you hit empty. A lot of their sustainability works makes me inclined to support them even if they don’t offer a return program. In terms of shipping, Alima Pure ships their items in paper with minimal plastic waste.

Besame Cosmetics ($$ – CF / PFP)

Overview: Besame Cosmetics is one of my favorite brands because of its vintage-inspired looks. While not specifically zero waste in any way, their cosmetics are packaged in the sturdier, non-plastic packaging of the past, making them beautiful and functional.

Packaging: Besame comes with minimal cardboard packaging on their items. The packing peanuts they include in their shipping are water-soluble.

Etsy

Etsy has a huge range of zero waste makeup options from sellers all over the world. I’ve listed just a few below

Clean Faced Cosmetics: Clean Faced Cosmetics is a vegan, handmade cosmetics business with a healthy range of products from makeup to skincare to lotion and more. I have their foundation powder and mixing medium and I can’t recommend it more for simple, sheer coverage. Makeup [MI, USA]

dirtyhippiecosmetics: one of the zero waste heavy-hitters on Etsy, dirtyhippiecosmetics offers tons of products. The one drawback is that the store is located in Australia, making it an unsustainable choice for most shoppers. Makeup, skincare, toiletries. [AUS]

URBAPOTHECARY: this shop offers “plant centered organic body care for mind, body, spirit”. It offers face masks, beard oil, candles, and more – all in low-waste packaging. If you’re looking for a larger gift, I’d suggest one of their lovely themed sets. Makeup, skincare, selfcare. [CA, USA]

SunnyBrae Buzz: Items for adults, kids, and pets alike! It’s not all vegan (some items use local beeswax), but everything else is fair trade and organic. Best of all the packaging is either reusable metal tins or recyclable/compostable cardboard tubes. [PA, USA]

Coghlan Cottage Farm: while this shop has plenty of items, if you’re looking for unpackaged soap this is the place to be! From face soap to standard body soap to shampoo bars, Coghlan Cottage Farm has it all. (Be aware that they do produce lard soap, all you vegans out there!) [CAN]

Mega-post done! What zero waste beauty brands can you recommend from your personal experience? Any luck with good DIY projects? Please let me know in the comments below!


Polly

Green Indy is a blog about zero waste, minimalism, and generally being less of an a**hole to our Earth (Indianapolis, specifically) by me, Polly Barks. I’m a writer, teacher, and a natural-born researcher/experimenter.

31 Comments

Katie Burry · May 28, 2017 at 2:59 pm

This is really cool! I won’t ever be zero waste, but I’m trying to do little things to reduce the waste I produce (like using reusable bags when I go grocery shopping).

Thanks for sharing your tips, though! I’d never heard of baking soda as an exfoliant but I’ll have to try it now.

    Polly · May 29, 2017 at 3:09 pm

    Little things can lead to bigger steps so congrats on taking that super important step! good luck!

cait · May 29, 2017 at 4:59 am

So cool that you’re introducing zero-waste in all areas of life – I imagine with make-up it must be quite hard! Don’t worry about outing yourself as a lazy person, the only reason I don’t wear make-up is because I’m too lazy to bother haha x

    Polly · May 29, 2017 at 3:10 pm

    I really enjoy the routine of putting on makeup in the morning (plus, yeah, I’m sorta vain!) so I can’t imagine ever going without. But man, I aspire to your level of laziness 🙂

      Shweta · April 19, 2018 at 12:31 pm

      U can use organic vegan lip liner as lipstick, blush, and eye shadow , as lip liner pencil is of wood

Jen · May 31, 2017 at 9:36 am

Thanks for these suggestions. I am going to check them out (and simple beauty is always good for moms like me 🙂 ) — If you’re interested, I think it would make a great addition to my weekly Be Clean Be Green With Kids Link up, if you’re up for sharing! Hope to see you there. http://www.honestlymodern.com/be-clean-be-green-with-kids-link-up-7/

    Polly · June 2, 2017 at 12:44 pm

    Thanks so much Jen! I’ll pop over!

Katy SkipTheBag · June 4, 2017 at 11:45 am

Baking soda as an exfoliator! Great idea. I use salt in olive oil, which surprisingly isn’t usually too abrasive. I’ve considered switching to sugar as it’s a little less abrasive, but now I’m going to test it with baking soda too. Thanks for sharing on the #WasteLessWednesday blog hop!

    Polly · June 5, 2017 at 7:20 pm

    If you find salt abrasive, baking soda might not be right for you. My skin is pretty tough, but if you’re sensitive just be careful on your first go 🙂

Leah · June 5, 2017 at 6:09 am

I have been doing well with DIY skin care. But haven’t tried my hand at DIY makeup yet. Pinning this for later! Thanks for sharing with #wastelesswednesday!!

Rosie (@greenrosielife) · June 8, 2017 at 2:02 am

I haven’t worn make-up for over 20 years and even when I did I just did not get on with it … which has make that particular part of my green journey an easy one! But it sounds like you are doing really well finding a solution that works for you and the planet. #WasteLessWednesday.

I run a monthly green linky called Going Green and I would love it if you’d pop over and maybe link up. The June one is open now!

Jasilyn Albert · June 16, 2017 at 11:59 pm

I really wish I could cut back on the make-up, but I have terrible skin. Right now my face is breaking out like I’m 15 so I have to cover it up. I also have bags under my eyes constantly. I’ll need to try that eyeliner when I get back. Where do you buy it?

    Polly · June 17, 2017 at 8:32 am

    I’m lucky that my skin’s always been alright – although I’ve started to break out more as I get older which is really annoying!

    The eyeliner you can get at Ulta and Target for sure. Probably other places as well!

Ann-Marie · December 19, 2017 at 4:43 pm

Love thinking about zero waste makeup! We’ve made the switch to microfiber around the house and I just use a microfiber cloth + water to clean my face & body; but I’d love to try some of the product suggestions here for zero waste makeup!

    Polly · December 27, 2017 at 7:28 am

    It’s great to start thinking about it at least! It’s taken me a long while to switch over more fully just because of the cost/waste factor of getting rid of perfectly useful makeup even if it doesn’t align with my current values. Best of luck!

Lindsay · December 19, 2017 at 6:57 pm

I am definitely going to try the baking soda! It really is crazy how many awful chemicals are in EVERYTHING. Thanks for educating us on ways we can live a greener life!

    Polly · December 27, 2017 at 7:29 am

    It’s really unfortunate we’ve become desensitized to the truly harmful things we bring into our homes and release into the environment!

kelsee422 · December 19, 2017 at 8:09 pm

I’ve never stopped to think about zero waste makeup actually being a thing before! Although, I usually do recycle most of the packaging mine comes in when I can. I wish I took more time to make my own stuff too, so that I could hopefully reuse the tins/bottles/etc.

    Polly · December 27, 2017 at 7:58 am

    Reusing packaging is a great step!

wendolynvaldez96 · December 28, 2017 at 11:07 pm

Love this post! Especially since I’ve been looking for zero waste makeup to transition to! I was also wondering what widget you use on your page to showcase your instagram :)?

    Polly · December 29, 2017 at 11:43 am

    Instagram Feed 🙂

Suzanne · February 13, 2018 at 12:11 pm

Thanks for sharing! Have you tried many of these cosmetics? It would be cool to see a review post!

    Polly · February 15, 2018 at 8:28 am

    I’ve used a fair few over the years, but I’m not much of a makeup guru so I’ll leave that to more competent folks on the internet!

Elizabeth · March 30, 2018 at 8:35 am

Hi Polly! How did I not know that you had another awesome blog! Super excited to find you here and deep dive into the archives while I’m starting my zero waste journey!

    Polly · March 31, 2018 at 8:20 am

    Hi!! So nice to hear from you again <3

Winona · June 9, 2018 at 10:28 pm

I have been searching in vain for something that fulfills my needs– first off, I’m super pale (which immediately crosses out elate unfortunately), I can’t use pressed face powders so I need liquid foundation, and I need as high of spf as possible. I’m beginning to think no one makes this apart from the usual makeup brands like clinique or dior! I am looking into layering spf with a tinted foundation or mixing media by Clean Faced Cosmetics, but my skin breaks out if anything remotely oily or slightly heavier than sheer gets on there! Anyone have ideas!!!! Ive looked at all the makeup brands listed above and am still stuck… but am loathe to return to plastic bottles and non vegan.

    Polly · June 10, 2018 at 5:39 pm

    Not sure I have much help. I gave up foundation just because I couldn’t find anything I really liked and spending money on it seemed unnecessary. May not be a solution for all, though literally no one but me ever noticed the difference. Consider checking out some of the cruelty free brands in drugstores – many of them are bottled in glass.

Callee · June 15, 2018 at 6:14 pm

Hey Polly! I’d love if you’d consider adding Bestowed Essentials to this list – it’s my line of ethical + eco-friendly self care products that are handcrafted with all-natural ingredients, no animal products or testing, plastic-free packaging, and solar power! <3

plusprintersblog · June 26, 2018 at 2:17 pm

Well Well Well, Very informative blog to recycle our used cosmetics bottles, packaging, etc

Ajada · August 6, 2018 at 9:39 am

I’m trying to find liquid foundation and loose translucent powder that are not packaged in plastic. I’m a beauty professional so the products need to be of a high quality. Since school I’ve become a bit of a product snob and it’s really thought to go plastic free. I live in a remote fly in community so I must be able to order and have it shipped in. I sure miss going to Sephora. Lol

    Polly · August 7, 2018 at 4:30 pm

    The inability to go to a store and get my hands on products before I buy is definitely one of the most frustrating parts of doing it low-waste!

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